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Building development is the process of adding construction to a piece of property. Many construction projects are small-scale restorations, such as adding a room or fixing a bathroom. Property owners frequently act as the workers, payers, and, leaders of the team. A few factors are the same for all building construction projects: design, finances, and legal considerations. Numerous projects of all sizes end in adverse outcomes, such as cost overruns and structural collapse. Therefore, people with extensive expertise in the industry build thorough plans for success.

The foundation is the most crucial part of a building’s construction. There are two broad groups into which foundations fall.

 Shallow Foundations is the first, while Deep Foundations is the second.

A shallow foundation has a depth of 3 feet, whereas a deep foundation has a depth of 60 to 200 feet.

 Before building your home, you must fully understand the foundation. Building contractors in Lahore offer construction services.

Following is a detailed description of the many foundation types used in building construction:

1. Weak or Shallow Foundation

Open footing or spread footing are other names for a shallow foundation. Shallow foundations are inexpensive and have little depth. The shallow foundation is between one and three feet deep.

When our structure isn’t particularly weighty, and the earth can support the required load at its depth, we employ a shallow foundation.

There are four more types of foundations for shallow foundations, which are listed below.

a) Isolated footings or a single foundation

The most typical foundation is an individual foundation, often known as isolated footings. Pyramidal blocks with a single column, such as squares, rectangles, and other forms, are used to construct these footings. The weights a single column can support and its allowable capacity define its size.

b)  Wall Footing or a Striped Foundation

Continuous footings are another name for strip or wall footings. It occurs when the bearing walls of the building—apart from the pillars, beams, and columns—are dispersed.

When we need to build the foundation for a wall, we employ materials such as reinforced concrete, brick, and stone. Strip foundations can be employed when rock expands and firmly presses on the sand. They are frequently used to create masonry walls.

c)  The Joint Foundation

 The pillars, placed near together, are supported by it.The base of the building evenly distributes the weight of two columns. Combination footings consist of two or more columns sharing a single pad for load distribution. 

d)       Raft foundation or matting foundation

The sort of shallow foundation is known as raft footing or mat footing. A sizable concrete slab supports the walls, pillars, and beams. These footings are ideal for soils with poor bearing capacities and take improved load distribution for large constructions into account.

building construction

2. Intense or Deep Foundation

Deep foundations are required when the soil requires extensive digging. Deep foundations are deep. The depth ranges from 60 to 200 feet.

 For homes built expressly on the beach, above water, or in other locations, we use deep foundations. Larger structures require deep foundations.

The following is a description of the other deep foundation types.

Pile Foundations

The kind of deep footing is the pile foundation. The long cylindrical piece drilled into the ground is used in pile foundations to support the top of the building construction.

The following scenarios call for the employment of pile foundations: When a structure is bearing large, concentrated loads, such as in a tall building structure.

The structural load of the structure is moved to another layer of soil when the first soil layer is weak and unable to support the building.

There are two more types of foundations for pile foundations.

Initial friction pile

The weight of the building structure is distributed throughout the whole pile using friction.

End supporting pile

 Areas with a heavy layer of soil use end-bearing pile. This footing’s primary function is to offer a route around the weak soil layer so that it can sustain the building structure that was there at the time.

The contractor establishes a warranty period that starts once the project is finished and handed over to the owner. Any construction flaws must be corrected and replaced by the responsible contractor within this time frame. Manufacturers and suppliers provide warranties on products like equipment and materials.